This camp was set up in 1938 for brick manufacture using forced labor. After 1942, several German companies (e.g. Messap, Jastram, and Walther-Werke) set up armaments manufacture in or near the camp. An estimated 106,000 prisoners passed through; about half of them died from malnutrition, overwork, disease, and maltreatment. The tragedy was compounded in April-May 1945 when the SS loaded some 10,000 surviving prisoners aboard four ships, holding them for days without food or water. On May 3rd, the Royal Air Force, thinking the ships held SS personnel on their way to Norway, sank three of the ships. Thousands of dead washed ashore as the British Army occupied the area; the British forced German POWs and civilians to dig mass graves and dispose of the bodies.  Link. Map